Ongoing Research

Early Infancy Gut microbiota predicts the quality of vaccine-induced antibody responses in rhesus macaques

Dr. Sallie Permar and team are studying the emergence of a number of vaccine settings that commensal microbiota are linked to vaccine-elicited immune responses. We remain without a highly-effective HIV vaccine or novel strategies for pediatric HIV-1 prevention that move beyond ART-based therapy. The gut microbiota is most plastic during infancy, with the transition from a relatively sterile environment in utero to one of constant exposure to pathogenic and nonpathogenic microbial organisms. Currently the team is defining the relationship between the developing microbiota in infant rhesus monkeys and the immunologic response following HIV-1 vaccination. More info

Pediatric Obesity Microbiome & Metabolism Study (POMMS)

Duke researchers are working to develop a biorepository resource that contains microbiome and metabolism-relevant samples from well-characterized adolescents with obesity undergoing different types of weight loss therapies. The team is broadly performing multiple types of microbiome analysis including marker gene, shotgun DNA, and transcript sequencing and performing targeted and untargeted metabolomics analyses. More info

Blue Devil Resistome Bass connections Project (2017-2018)

Fourteen undergraduates, led by Dr. Lingchong You, are exploring and mapping the distribution of antibiotic resistant bacteria on Duke Campus. The team is evaluating the microbiome of Duke and how resistance spreads and fluctuates in the environment by collecting and analyzing environmental samples from a host of locations around Duke. More info

Microbes control action of host genes to influence health

Dr. John Rawls and team have shown that microbes can control the actions of their animal hosts by manipulating the molecular machinery of animal cells, triggering patterns of gene expression that consequently contribute to health and disease. The work, which was conducted in zebrafish and mice, could have implications for human inflammatory bowel diseases like Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis. More info

Mapping the Genomic Atlas of your inner fish gut

Dr. John Rawls and team discovered a network of genes and genetic regulatory elements in the lining of the intestines that has stayed remarkably the same from fishes to humans. Many of these genes are linked to human illnesses, such as inflammatory bowel diseases, diabetes and obesity. More info

Hematopoietic StemCell Transplantation and the Microbiome

Dr. Anthony Sung's laboratory has been actively involved in studying the microbiome. Disruptions in the microbiome have been associated with 9-fold increases in blood stream infections, 10-fold increases in graft-versus-host disease-related mortality, and 50% decreases in overall survival after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. The goal of the study is to use murine models to evaluate strategies to manipulate the microbiome to improve stem cell transplant outcomes, with the goal of translating findings into phase 1 clinical trials. This work was presented at the 2017 Annual Meeting of the American Society of Hematology and supported by the Damon Runyon Cancer Research Foundation and Duke Cancer Institute.